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Software & systems

Web developer

Web developers use computer code to create and maintain websites and applications.

Annual Salary

£20,000 to £60,000

Average UK salary in 2022 was £33,200
(source Office for National Statistics)

Working hours

37 to 39 a week

You could work: as a contractor / self-employed; as customers demand

Future employment

There will be 2.4% more Web developer jobs in 2027.

Day to day tasks

You'll usually work as part of a development team and could:

  • meet clients to work out what they need
  • create plans and prototypes with the design team to decide how the website or application will fit together
  • write code in different programming languages
  • build databases and transfer information between databases using Applications Program Interfaces (APIs)
  • use software to create the layout of buttons, links and pictures

Working environment

You could work in an office, at a client's business or from home.

You can get into this job through:

  • a university course
  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • working towards this role

You could do a foundation degree, higher national diploma or degree in:

  • web design and development
  • computer science
  • digital media development
  • software engineering

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • 1 or 2 A levels, or equivalent, for a foundation degree or higher national diploma
  • 2 to 3 A levels, or equivalent, for a degree
For more information

You could do a college course that might help you get a trainee developer job.

Courses include:

  • Level 3 Certificate in Web Design and Development
  • T Level in Digital Production, Design and Development
  • Level 4 Diploma in Software Development

Entry requirements

You may need:

  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, for a level 3 course
  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, including English and maths for a T Level
  • 1 or 2 A levels, a level 3 diploma or relevant experience for a level 4 or level 5 course
For more information

You could do an apprenticeship such as:

  • Software Development Technician Level 3 Advanced Apprenticeship
  • Software Developer Level 4 Higher Apprenticeship
  • Digital and Technology Solutions Professional Level 6 Degree Apprenticeship
  • Digital and Technology Solutions Specialist Level 7 Degree Apprenticeship

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C) and A levels, or equivalent, for a higher or degree apprenticeship
For more information

You might be able to start as a junior developer and do training on the job.

More information

Career tips

You could build up your skills and knowledge using free online learning resources for:programming languages; project management; software development methods

You can find free online courses through the Skills Toolkit.

Further information

You can get more advice about working in computing from TechSkills and The Chartered Institute for IT.

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With experience, you could:become a manager, such as lead programmer or project leader; specialise in an area, such as retail; become a systems analyst or IT project manager in other areas of IT; become a further education teacher

Skills required and how your skills match up

What skills are required?

You'll need:

  • knowledge of computer operating systems, hardware and software
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • the ability to write computer programs
  • persistence and determination
  • analytical thinking skills
  • to be flexible and open to change
  • the ability to use your initiative
  • maths knowledge
  • thinking and reasoning skills
  • to have a thorough understanding of computer systems and applications
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