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Science

Meteorologist

Meteorologists collect and study data from the atmosphere and oceans to make weather forecasts and carry out research.

Annual Salary

£20,000 to £60,000

Average UK salary in 2019 was £30,378
(source Office for National Statistics)

Working hours

39 to 41 a week

You could work: evenings / weekends / bank holidays; on shifts

3%
Future employment

There will be 3% more Meteorologist jobs in 2026.
In your local area

Day to day tasks

As a forecaster you’ll:

  • collect data from satellite images, radar, remote sensors and weather stations
  • measure air pressure, wind, temperature and humidity
  • forecast the weather by analysing information and using computer programmes
  • give weather information and reports to customers

As a researcher you’ll:

  • study weather patterns and climate change
  • improve computer forecasting models
  • use research to predict floods and droughts
  • study how the weather affects the spread of pollution or disease

Working environment

You could work at a client's business or in an office.

You can get into this job through:

  • a university course
  • training with a professional body
University

You'll usually need a degree in meteorology or a related subject like:

  • physical sciences
  • maths
  • environmental science
  • geography
  • computer science

You might need a postgraduate qualification in meteorology or climatology if you want to do research.

You can find out more about relevant degree subjects from the the Royal Meteorological Society.

Getting experience of computer modelling during your degree or postgraduate course may also be useful in this role.

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, including English, maths and science
  • 2 or 3 A levels, or equivalent, including a science, for a degree
  • a degree in a relevant subject for postgraduate study
For more information
Volunteering and work experience

You can get hands-on experience with the Met Office summer placement schemes. There are schemes for different groups, including graduates and A level students who are thinking about meteorology as a career.

Other routes

You can apply to the Met Office for a place as a trainee on their forecasting and observations course.

You'll need a degree or equivalent qualification in science, maths or a related subject like geography. Other subjects may be accepted if you have the right qualities.

More information

Career tips

You can do a short work placement to find out more about meteorology as a career, if you're aged between 14 and 17.

Further information

You can learn more about becoming a meteorologist from the Met Office and the Royal Meteorological Society.

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With experience you could manage a team of weather forecasters. You could also move into teaching and train future forecasters and scientists.

You can learn more about becoming a meteorologist from the Met Office and the Royal Meteorological Society.

Skills required and how your skills match up

What skills are required?

You'll need:

  • maths knowledge
  • knowledge of geography
  • knowledge of physics
  • analytical thinking skills
  • excellent verbal communication skills
  • the ability to work well with others
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • excellent written communication skills
  • thinking and reasoning skills
  • to be able to use a computer and the main software packages competently
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