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Food & drink


Bakers make bread, cakes and pastries by hand and with catering equipment.

Annual Salary

£19,000 to £26,000

Average UK salary in 2022 was £33,200
(source Office for National Statistics)

Working hours

40 to 45 a week

You could work: early mornings; on shifts

Future employment

There will be 4.8% fewer Baker jobs in 2027.

Day to day tasks

As a baker, you could:

  • weigh and mix ingredients by hand or using machinery
  • bake bread, cakes and patisserie products in batches
  • decorate and finish baked items ready for dispatch or shop display
  • make quality and food safety checks
  • stocktake and order supplies
  • develop new recipes and products

Working environment

You may need to wear protective clothing.

You could work at a store or in a factory.

Your working environment may be dusty, physically demanding and noisy.

You can get into this job through:

  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • working towards this role

You can do a college course, for example:

  • hospitality and catering
  • bakery
  • professional bakery

For more information

You could begin your career by applying for a Baker Level 2 Intermediate Apprenticeship, or Lead Baker Level 3 Advanced Apprenticeship.

These can take around 2 years to complete.

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • some GCSEs, usually including English and maths, or equivalent, for an intermediate apprenticeship
  • 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, including English and maths, for an advanced apprenticeship
For more information

You may be able to start as a trainee or assistant in a bakery shop, supermarket or food production plant, and work your way up through training on the job.

Requirements and restrictions

You'll need to:

More information

Further information

You can find out more about working in the baking industry from Tasty Careers and the Federation of Bakers.

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With experience, you could become a bakery supervisor or production manager in a factory, or move into commercial sales.

You could also become a technical adviser or development baker for a baked goods or catering equipment company.

Another option is to specialise, for example in patisserie, or become an artisan craft baker and set up your own business.

Skills required and how your skills match up

What skills are required?

You'll need:

  • knowledge of food production methods
  • the ability to work well with your hands
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • the ability to work well with others
  • maths knowledge
  • excellent verbal communication skills
  • the ability to use your initiative
  • the ability to accept criticism and work well under pressure
  • customer service skills
  • to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device
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