Science and Mathematics

What's it all about?

Science and mathematics are part of our everyday life. Maths and science are used in all sorts of areas, from investigating black holes, measuring the force of an earthquake and researching the consequences of growing genetically modified crops, to working out insurance costs.

This industry is so broad you could find yourself working in a variety of different roles and in some strange and exciting places! You could end up working underground drilling to the earth’s core, in a laboratory finding cures for diseases, working for a big multi-national company in the city, or even for a small solar powered firm in the countryside. The opportunities are endless.

Over the years, there has been a big increase in skills shortages in scientific and mathematical careers and some of the most exciting career opportunities of the next five years are predicted to occur in these sectors.

Science and mathematics are all about:

  • discovery
  • creativity
  • problem-solving
  • communication


Physicists help develop:

  • new ways of diagnosing illnesses
  • material to build stronger structures
  • reliable ways of forecasting the weather
  • better sound recording systems


As a chemist you could:

  • make medicines to fight cancer and AIDS
  • develop exciting new ice cream flavours
  • create new make-up and hair products
  • make new materials for computers and mobile phones


Biologists make important new discoveries by:

  • investigating causes of disease
  • protecting the planet’s biodiversity
  • developing medicines and vaccines to keep us healthy
  • understanding the effects of climate change


Mathematicians are behind many unseen discoveries and inventions:

  • The stunning pictures of far away planets
  • Space travel could not be calculated without the mathematics of differential equations
  • Advances with supercomputers, are built on mathematical theory which instructs the computer what is to be done
  • Statistics is essential in medicine, for analysing data on the causes of illness and on success of new drugs
  • Travel by aeroplane would not be possible without the mathematics of airflow and of control systems

Compare jobs you like and see if they are predicted to grow

To find out what you will earn in different jobs (you can put in up to three) and see other facts including whether this job is predicted to grow in the UK, use the Careerometer which is on the left of each Job Sector page (yellow box).

Is this a predicted growth area in the South of England?

The Local Enterprise Partnerships (LEPs) have been asked to predict which job sectors will grow. This information could help you develop your skills and gain qualifications for specific job roles, sectors or particular places where there are likely to be opportunities. No growth doesn't mean there are no jobs but growth does mean there are likely to be more jobs!

There is a real skills shortage in this sector and the Local Enterprise Partnerships identify science and maths as crucial in many areas of growth, especially financial services, engineering and manufacturing and low carbon/green jobs.

Oxford and Thames valley - Many opportunities including in digital, space technologies and life sciences for health.

Solent -  Marine and maritime need people with  good science and maths skills as new technologies develop and we look at ways of protecting our environment.

South West - A number of areas with science and mathematics as part of the mix including aerospacehealthcare and low carbon/green technologies.

Find out detailed information about employment in the West of England for any number of paths you could take.

Find out more about growth industries in the South of England.

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