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Ask yourself: do I want a technical ICT career, or do I want to use technology (like computers) as part of a job in another industry? If you decide on a specialist ICT career, there are many different jobs you could do.

It goes without saying that you should enjoy working with computers and other information technology if you want to work in this sector.

You’ll need to be able to communicate, in writing and when you speak, to get on well with other people and be able to work well in a team. You’ll also need to be able to problem solve, thinking up different ways to get to a solution.

Routes into this sector

There are a various types of qualifications available: 

  • At 14 GCSEs (you will need to get good grades in English and maths) . Your school might also offer a vocational qualifications such as BTECs, OCR Nationals, etc.
  • At 16 you have more options – A Levels, Apprenticeships , vocational qualifications , and traineeships have also started in some areas.
  • At 18 or 19 your options open further - you may wish to go to university, with 8 out of 10 A Level students choosing this pathway and half of all BTEC National students. However there are other routes into your chosen career - through apprenticeships and vocational qualifications  

 There is a skills shortage in areas such as software engineers, technical support, programming and design and according to research the region is suffering from the national shortage of higher level ICT skills.  A particular shortage exists in people combining ICT skills with business and/or creative skills.

Universities in the region have good programmes for undergraduates and graduates but this does not have to be the route in.  There are also good ICT Apprenticeship programmes available.

For instance to become a software engineer you normally would have to have a degree, BTEC or HND in a relevant subject such as computing, computer science, information technology, software development or software engineering.  Other routes include graduate training schemes  or post graduate courses.  There are also opportunities to follow the apprenticeship route after gaining a relevant qualification such as a BTEC in ICT at college.

To find out more about the qualifications needed in this sector visit the Sector Skills Council’s website at e-skills careers

Find out what A levels you need to study computer science

Spot light on being a web designer



Web designers design and manage how websites look and feel, it is their job to make decisions about colour scheme, fonts and text size, images menus and how people navigate.   The website being designed may be for a large corporate organisation through to a sit of someone self-employed.  If you have creative flair and enjoy working on computers this this could be the job for you.

The qualities you need to become a web designer include having an interest in design and how websites look. Do you make good use of software already – such as Photoshop? You will also need to listen and interpret what someone wants so you need good people skills.  And have good technical skills and be good at detail.



You need to be competent in recognised software packages and have an understanding of HTML and CSS – the basic building blocks of web pages.  Coding and learning technologies such as Flash are also needed amongst others.

Some key tasks in the role include meeting clients, design, testing and uploading information onto a web platform.  You could work as part of a team, in a large design agency or as a freelance web designer.  If you chose to set up on your own then you do need to become competent at running a small business such as marketing and bookkeeping.

You could complete an Apprenticeship, attend college or complete a degree route.

Visit the National Careers Service for more information on becoming a Web Designer

Being a Web Designer



View/download a fact sheet about IT, digital and Telecoms

Websites for vacancies in this area



Bubble Jobs are specialists in advertising the latest graduate digital, online, ecommerce, social media, web development vacancies across the UK and Europe.

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